What makes the plants grow? This is a very elementary question since we have learned this the very first time we had lessons about plant. Would you still need some garden tips on the growing needs of plants? You already learned the basic things to make plants grow. The plants need nutrients from the soil, water to transport the nutrients from the roots to the other plant parts and sun for photosynthesis or manufacture of plant foods. They do need air to take in carbon dioxide for photosynthesis.
You indeed know the basic things that make a plant grow. But there are more from the garden tips that you will read about. Plants grow under the right temperature, space sufficiency and time consideration.
Nutrient and water garden tips to make plants grow
Like other living creatures, plants need food and water in order to subsist. Human beings eat foods because they have to get nutrients; plants also need nutrients. You drink water and plants do need water. Plants utilize water to bring the moisture and the nutrients back and forth from the roots to the leaves, from the leaves to the roots also. Water as well as the nutrients is taken in by the roots from the soil. Garden tips tell us that we have to water the plants when the soil is already dry. Too much or too little water is harmful to the life and growth of any plant. So, garden tips tell you to water your plants moderately.
The nutrients come from the soil but in plenty of cases, the soil becomes depleted. There will be no enough nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P) and potassium (K) in the soil and if not replenished the plant would not achieve its full growth. You will then need to apply fertilizer on the soil to put in the NPK nutrients. Further data in the garden tips tell a gardener the uses of the NPK. Nitrogen is for greener and healthy leaves, phosphorus is for sturdy roots and big flowers or fruits and potassium is the shield of plants to fight diseases.
Air and soil as other needs of plants
Aside from sufficiency of nutrients and moderate watering of plants, this living creature also needs air. Plants do breath or respire through their pores. They take in carbon dioxide which they need in photosynthesis, plant’s process to manufacture food. Although it is the leaves that perform photosynthesis, other parts of the plants such as stem, roots and flowers also respire. It is not only carbon dioxide that is necessary for the plant to subsist. It also needs oxygen which is drawn by the roots from the air spaces in the soil.
Healthy soil is very paramount in the life cycle of any plant. In gardening, you have to learn the soil classifications. Different plants need different kinds of soil although the usual kind is the loam. Loam is created by the right proportion of clay, slit and sand. It is from the soil that the plant gets the nutrients. Thus, the soil must also be healthy and being healthy means having the NPK sufficiently in the ground. Lack of any of these will render the plant unhealthy. As the nutrients in the soil can be depleted due to soil overuse, the application of fertilizer is the method to replenish. Today, we try to do away with the commercial chemical fertilizers. Garden tips tell a gardener to learn to make compost as this is the way to provide organic nutrients to plants. With a small garden to tend, animal or crop manure will be good substitute for compost. You mix these into the soil or you can just top your soil’s surface and leave the ground microorganism or bacteria to convert the raw manure into decomposed nutrient.
Space, time, temperature and light as factors in plant growth
Space is also a factor in the growth of plants. According to garden tips, overcrowded plants can suffer from plant diseases. The airflow is restricted to hamper growth such that plants become small and stunted. Keep distance from one plant to another.
It takes time for plants to grow. Some require more number of days to become mature enough for the flowering stage to commence. Plants need the sunlight; it is through the sun’s heat that plants manufacture their food. Sun is the source of plant’s energy. Finally, temperature is considered in most garden tips. There are plants that need cooler temperature and there are those that live well during the summer season. However, the rule of thumb is that plants grow best during spring. The temperature during this time is the best for most varieties and species of plants.